Phosphorus budget and management dilemma for Lake Dianchi, Southwest China


The processes of urbanization and industrialization within geological phosphorus-rich mountains (GPMn) have resulted in water degradation within southwest China. Lake Dianchi, one of the most eutrophicated lakes in China, has epitomized this issue. Clear understandings of phosphorus (P) mitigation efforts, the evolution of P budgets, and possible risks in the Dianchi system will benefit future eutrophication control, providing valuable lessons for other plateau freshwater lakes. Here we applied systematic review methodology to investigate the above aspects, and then compared the results to other lakes worldwide. Generally, meta-analytical approaches have indicated P levels remain a key factor in causing algal blooms. Post-2015, the P budget of the Dianchi system, especially in Caohai section, was modified. However, Dianchi lake is still experiencing high pressures from P enrichment (Caohai: 0.4 mg·l−1; Waihai: 0.2 mg·l−1). The flux of P in Dianchi remains high, both through the external P load (556 ton·a−1), and an internal cycle (304 ton·a−1 associated with the absorption, deposition and removal of algae biomass; and 380 ton·a−1 associated with sediment exchange). Meanwhile, significant P retention has been observed in the lake, in particular within the Waihai section (211 ton·a−1). Currently, water diversion (from external watersheds), sewage diversion, and sediment-dredging projects have benefited Dianchi. However, continuous urbanization and GPMn ecological degradation could introduce hundreds of tons of additional P, leading to subsequent algal blooms. Furthermore, beyond Lake Dianchi, other lakes and reservoirs in southwest China are facing similar issues regarding P mitigation, especially in GPMn regions, though corresponding knowledge is still limited. Therefore, effective andflexible sub-regional protection strategies and research related to external and internal P mitigations have become key requirements for Lake Dianchi management. Meanwhile, ecologically sensitive approaches to GPMn regions, as well as city development within basin and market driven treatments, should be incorporated into regional water source protection for southwest China.

Speaker: Dr. Kai Yan

Affiliation: Yunnan Agricultural University

Time: Nov. 16, 2021

Venue: 瞩目会议平台 会议 ID:135 871 8714  会议密码 PWD:666666 

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